Germany plans to close all its nuclear reactors by 2022 as another nuclear power plant is going offline on December 31. With this, Germany will have six nuclear power plants to shut by 2022. This step has been taken in the wake of the Fukushima disaster that took place in 2011 in Japan.
Nuclear power generation in Germany has been declining with the shutdown of its nuclear plants in the past few years, while electricity production from renewable sources is on the rise. Germany, where coal, hard coal, and lignite combined currently provide around 35 percent of power generation, has a longer timetable for phasing out coal than the UK and Italy, for example—who plan their coal exit by 2025—not only because of its vast coal industry, but also because Germany will shut down all its nuclear power plants within the next three years.